Colony, Blackstone Group LP, Starwood Capital Group LLC and Waypoint Real Estate Group LLC are among private equity funds paying cash for foreclosed homes to turn into rentals with an expectation that institutional financing will develop to enable them to boost their returns.
“In the banking sector there are 6.6 million single family homes that are in the butcher factory,” Barrack, who founded Colony in 1991 to buy distressed real estate, said at a Bloomberg Link Dealmakers Summit in New York Thursday. “It’s going to be another asset class.”
Demand for single-family rentals has grown as 4.5 million homes have been repossessed since January 2007, according to RealtyTrac Inc., and tightened lending standards and limited for-sale inventory keep first-time buyers out of the market. The asset class will expand just as real estate investment trusts for apartments have exploded since that industry’s birth in the early 1990s, Barrack said. While all REITs had a market value of just $5.6 billion in 1990, multifamily trusts are now a $71 billion industry.
“In 1990 we were buying multifamily loans, there were no multifamily REITs,” said Barrack, whose Santa Monica, California-based firm has $25 billion in assets under management. “You want to know how this is going to do, look at the multifamily REIT situation.”
Blackstone is buying $100 million of houses a week and has spent more than $1 billion through the middle of this month, Stephen Schwarzman, chairman of the largest private equity in distressed real estate, said during a Oct. 18 earnings call.
“This is the kind of thing that happens once — every once in a while, where you see something that’s a market-turning trend and we are loading the boat,” Schwarzman said.
The New York-based investment firm, which has $205 billion in assets, said it has acquired about 7,000 single-family homes.
Colony’s single-family investments are producing net yields of 7 percent to 8 percent after expenses, according to Barrack.
“It’s not a flip play,” he said. “We are going to keep them.”
Colony, which has acquired 5,500 homes since April, expects to spend as much as $1.5 billion to purchase as many as 20,000 homes by the end of 2013, said Owen Blicksilver, an outside spokesman for Colony. Colony American Homes, which is a privately-traded REIT, has about 200 employees working in Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Nevada and Texas.
Waypoint, which currently has about 2,500 rental homes, expects to increase its portfolio to 10,000 units worth about $1.5 billion by the end of 2013, according to Beth Haiken, spokeswoman for the Oakland, California-based firm. It’s focusing on Atlanta, Phoenix, Chicago, Southern California and Northern California, Haiken said.
In May and June, Starwood Property Trust Inc., the publicly-traded REIT controlled by Barry Sternlicht, acquired 252 foreclosed houses for $27.3 million, according to a regulatory filing.
Pending home sales rose 0.3 percent in September, the 17th consecutive monthly increase on a year-over-year basis, the National Association of Realtors reported Thursday.
About 11 million single-family homes are already occupied by renters, according to Scott Simon, the mortgage head at Newport Beach, California-based Pacific Investment Management Co., manager of the world’s largest bond fund.
“Banks are afraid of diving into lending to the institutional single-family owner-operator business, most likely because it is a business that is more complex than simply making a loan collateralized by a single-family house,” Laurie Hawkes, president of the Scottsdale, Arizona-based firm, said in an e-mail. “Securitization of single-family lease streams is on the drawing boards and structurally feasible but the timing is unknown. Early 2013? Perhaps.”
Some investors are gobbling up single-family homes like “a pie-eating contest,” which may lead to acquisitions that lose money or fail to achieve expected returns, Hawkes said.
“Unfortunately, if not operated cost efficiently there could be serious indigestion,” Hawkes said. “Buying right is important but operating right is critical.”
Rating debt with single-family rental homes as collateral is difficult because the industry is so new and lacks a track record, Fitch Ratings analysts wrote in an Oct. 23 note.
“Fitch is unlikely to assign a high investment-grade rating to such transactions,” the note by senior directors Suzanne Mistretta and Rob Rowan said.