The once-sleepy US real estate sector could be poised to continue its revival into the second half of 2019 but investors are selective in their bets on property companies.
While residential and industrial Real Estate Investment Trusts (Reits) are the most popular bets, office Reits look less attractive and retail is out of favour.
The dividend-rich, slow-growth S&P 500 Real Estate Index has risen 18.5 per cent so far in 2019, beating the S&P 500’s 16.99 per cent gain. Unless the tide turns, real estate is on track for its biggest annual advance since 2014.
At several points this year and as recently as June 5, the real estate’s index’s year-to-date gains outpaced even the high-flying tech sector. Sector investors are optimistic that Reits can advance more as long as broader US earnings growth stays weak and interest rates stay low.
“If the Fed policy is benign and you don’t see an acceleration of earnings, (Reit) dividend yields and a steady cash flow are pretty attractive to investors,” said Bob Zenouzi, Macquarie Investment’s chief investment officer for real estate.
He sees Reit dividend yields of 4.5 per cent and cash flow growth of 4-5 per cent bringing a high-single digit to low-double digit percentage return rate for Reit investors in the next 12 to 18 months.
Also citing solid Reit earnings expectations and high dividends, Gina Szymanski, portfolio manager, at AEW Capital Management, is looking for Reit returns in the high single-digit range in the next 12 months. However, the sector’s price to net asset book value multiple is 3.8, higher than its historical average of less than 2.5 and the broader S&P’s ratio of 3.2, according to data from Datastream by Refinitiv.
The rapid gain, driven by low US interest rates and concerns about US-China trade relations as well as economic growth, has given some investors pause and the sector has underperformed in the last five days.
But in residential Reits, AEW’s Ms Szymanski favors landlords of single family houses. Companies in this sector include American Homes 4 Rent, up 21.6 per cent so far this year, and Invitation Homes, up 32.1 per cent.
“The demand is strong. There’s decent visibility. Investors aren’t rewarding it with same premium as industries around a lot longer,” said Ms Szymanski.
“Residential Reits are benefiting from trends such as limited supply and pricing power that’s good to great depending on the subsector,” said Cedrik Lachance, director of Reit research at Green Street Advisors. “In single family residential, there is strong pricing power, limited supply and strong demand as younger people are looking to move from apartments to houses but – weighed down by student debt – many cannot afford to buy a house. Incomes are moving nicely but it’s still challenging to put together a down payment for a home. In multi-family homes, supply and demand are in balance.”
The FTSE Nareit equity residential index has risen 17.8 per cent so far this year, just below the broader S&P Reit Index. The FTSE Nareit Equity Industrial Index has risen 29.1 per cent so far in 2019 making it the biggest gainer of the main Reit subsectors. Investors favor the sector, which include warehouses used by online retailers such as Amazon.com, over traditional retail malls which have struggled horribly.
The FTSE Nareit Equity Regional Mall Index has fallen 6.4 per cent so far this year. If the Trump administration were to escalate its trade war with China and slap more tariffs on imports as threatened, that could hurt online retailers and hurt warehouse demand, but investors are still bullish.
“There are trade risks but the e-commerce effect has been disruptive,” said Macquarie’s Mr Zenouzi.
Office Reit’s are less popular with the FTSE Nareit Equity Office Index 4.5 per cent in the last three months though it is still up 13.5 per cent year-to-date, as investors are less bullish about that’s sector’s outlook.
“We’re cautious about the office business,” said Green Street’s Mr Lachance. “There’s been a fair amount of supply and at the same time there’s been a trend in towards densification. You’re sitting closer to your colleagues than you were before.”
Ms Szymanski has a preference for Asia-Pacific and European real estate over US investments but notes that one wrinkle in Europe is the uncertain UK outlook because of Brexit.
“Since the US real estate sector has underperformed in the last five sessions with a 4 per cent decline versus the S&P’s one per cent drop, Reits have moved back squarely into fair value range,” Mr Lachance said.
Wells Fargo‘s head of real asset strategy, John LaForge, did not see much upside for Reits, as he expected 10-year yields to rise again this year, adding more competition for high-yielding Reits. But with lingering investor concern about global economic growth and the US-China trade war, he does not expect a big sell-off in the safe-haven sector either.
“People like the safety for now. What would roil them a little bit and shake people out of Reits is if China and the US do a trade deal,” LaForge said.
Source: The Business Times